Mixed martial arts can mean many different things to different people, and it is my belief to learn as much as you can, or if you have a fighting style learn how to apply it against/incorporate other techniques. The official definition for Mixed Martial Arts according to the UFC website is:
“Mixed martial arts means unarmed combat involving the use, subject to any applicable limitations set forth in these Unified Rules and other regulations of the applicable Commission, of a combination of techniques from different disciplines of the martial arts, including, without limitation, grappling, submission holds, kicking and striking.”
I would probably count kicking as striking but ehh.
MMA Weight Classes
These are the basic weight classes:
|Flyweight||125 lbs and under|
|Bantamweight||125 to 135 lbs|
|Featherweight||135 to 145 lbs|
|Lightweight||145 to 155 lbs|
|Welterweight||155 to 170 lbs|
|Middleweight||170 to 185 lbs|
|Light Heavyweight||185 to 205 lbs|
|Heavyweight||205 to 265 lbs|
|Super Heavyweight||265 pounds|
A UFC MMA ring can be between 20 and 32 feet in diameter.
Basically board shorts, biker shorts, or anything that wouldn’t get in the way. Gi’s and uniforms are not allowed, mainly due to certain chokes that are performed easier when one opponent has a gi and the other doesn’t
This is just a rough overview of the don’ts in the ring. Some of these I think would be common sense for the safety of both fighters, but then again everyone has their own opinion.
There are no….
Eye gouging or biting
Spitting at an opponent
Groin attacks of any kind
Putting a finger into any orifice or any cut or laceration of an opponent
Small joint manipulation
Striking downward using the point of the elbow
Striking to the spine or the back of the head
Kicking to the kidney with a heel
Throat strikes of any kind, including a trachea grab
Clawing, pinching or twisting the flesh
Grabbing the clavicle
Kicking or kneeing the head of a grounded opponent
Stomping a grounded opponent
Holding the fence
Holding the shorts or gloves of an opponent
Using foul language (Words hurt sometimes more than punches)
Unsportsmanlike conduct that causes injury to an opponent
Throwing opponent out of ring
Spiking an opponent to the canvas on his head or neck
Applying any foreign substance to the hair or body to gain an advantage
How to Win the Match
Submission can be obtained by physically or verbally tapping out.
Knockout when Referee stops the contest, when an injury as a result of a legal maneuver is sever enough to terminate a bout, when contestant being rendered unconscious due strikes or kicks (aka a knockout)
Decision via the scorecards, including Unanimous Decision, Split Decision(all three judges score differently), Majority Decision (2 out of 3)
Draw includes Unanimous Draw, Split Draw, and Majority Draw
Then a few less common decisions:
Disqualification – for cheaters
Forfeit – Throw in the towel Adrian
Technical Draw – you both are winners
No Decision – Nobody wins, nobody looses, but we all get to go home and and kick it.
I think it beneficial to understand how mixed martial arts even if you do not agree with it. I work for and hope that in the future there can be a shared common ground between traditional and mixed martial artist, and that each one uses they other to improve. Personally I believe there needs to be more athletic and stamina training in for the tradition arts, and MMA needs more humility and respect towards all forms of martial arts.
For a complete list of the rules to the UFC MMA fighting you can visit http://www.ufc.com/discover/sport/rules-and-regulations